Tre historier i väntan på Nürnberg 2Publicerat: 29 september, 2011
The Gleiwitz incident was a staged attack by Nazi forces posing as Poles on 31 August 1939, against the German radio station Sender Gleiwitz in Gleiwitz, Upper Silesia, Germany (since 1945: Gliwice, Poland) on the eve of World War II in Europe.
This provocation was the best-known of several actions in Operation Himmler, a series of unconventional operations undertaken by the SS in order to serve specific propaganda goals of Nazi Germany at the outbreak of the war. It was intended to create the appearance of Polish aggression against Germany in order to justify the subsequent invasion of Poland.
Much of what is known about the Gleiwitz incident comes from the sworn affidavit of Alfred Naujocks at the Nuremberg Trials. In his testimony, he states that he organized the incident under orders from Reinhard Heydrich and Heinrich Müller, the chief of the Gestapo.
Operation Račak (Serbian: Акција Рачак, Akcija Račak), also known as the ”Račak Massacre” (by Albanians, ”The Račak Incident”, ”The Račak case” and ”The Račak Hoax” (Albanian: Masakra e Reçakut) of 15 January 1999 was the killing of 45 Kosovo Albanians in the village of Račak (Albanian: Reçak) by either combat or murder in central Kosovo. According to Amnesty International, the victims included three women, a 12-year-old child and several elderly men, while the ICTY list of dead people records two women, a 13-year-old boy and two old men.
Various reports (Human Rights Watch, OSCE, ICTY) initially characterized the killings as a deliberate massacre of civilians by Serbian police forces. The Yugoslav government maintained that the casualties were all members of the Kosovo Liberation Army killed in a clash with state security forces. The military operation was planned and organized by the Serbian Special Police commander Goran Radosavljević ”Guri” (meaning ”rock” in Albanian).
The alledged massacre in Račak provoked the NATO governments and became one of the main causes for the subsequent NATO bombing of Yugoslavia. After the war, the Račak ”massacre” was a part of the indictment against Slobodan Milošević and others, but was dropped out of the case because of lack of evidence to substantiate the claims that it was an actual atrocity that had happened.
The incident was the subject of 3 forsenic reports, one Yugoslav, another Belurussian and the third Finnish, the first two concluded that those killed were, in fact, not civilians. The Finnish forsenic report, on the other hand, was never released to the public. However, Helena Ranta, the head of the Finnish investigative team, later stated in an interview for a documentary of Russian authors that the dead were not civilians.
It is widely disputed whether the operation at Račak was either a massacre of innocent civilians (as put forth by the heavily biased Kosovo-Albanian government) or a battle, in which the dead were KLA combatants (as put forth by the Serbian government and allies).
It is always difficult after the fact to know for sure what happened in a violent confrontation as happened in northern Kosovo on September 27. But despite EU and KFOR protestations of innocence and casting of blame on Serb “extremists,” it seems clear that they were responsible for the initiation and escalation of violence, as well as the use of live fire. There appears to be no evidence that they were fired upon – no gun injured soldiers offered up – and the essential fact remains that they used force to impose Pristina’s political blockade on the northern Serbs. Additionally, there may be a cover-up operation being conducted to hide the truth. An independent inquiry is required to established the facts and, until then, none of the Quint capitals should feel free to use the day’s events to justify further repression by KFOR and EULEX.